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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 2  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 6-11

Early operative mortality of bronchogenic carcinoma

Departments of CVTS, and General Surgery, Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, Kashmir, India

Correspondence Address:
Imtiaz Wani
Department of Surgery, Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar 190 006, Kashmir
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-3846.132894

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Introduction: Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world operative mortality rates for resection of lung cancer varies with type of resection carried out. Aim: The aim was to study the various causes of 30-day mortality, difference in the 30-day operative mortality between pneumonectomy, lobectomy and lesser resections and overall 30-day operative mortality following lung resection surgery of bronchogenic carcinoma. Materials and Methods: All those patients of bronchogenic carcinoma who were planned for lung resection surgery, from May 2008 to October 2010 in the department of cardiovascular and thoracic surgery, were included in the study protocol prospectively. Results: Lung carcinoma is predominantly a disease of males. The most common finding on X-ray chest is evidence of mass lesion. 91.1% had positive findings on bronchoscopic examination. Squamous cell carcinoma was present in the majority of patients (74.4%). Majority of patients underwent lobectomy (55.6%). Overall 30-day operative mortality was 4.4%. Mortality was more in patients who underwent pneumonectomy. Advanced age was associated with significant mortality. The most common postoperative complication was pneumonia followed by bronchopleural fistula. Conclusion: Surgery for bronchogenic carcinoma is associated with low mortality and morbidity and a good outcome, especially in patients with early stage disease.

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