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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 20-28

The safety and adequacy of liver resection for large hepatocellular carcinoma: A retrospective single institute study

Department of Hepato-Pancreatico-Biliary Surgery, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, 32511 Shebin El kom, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Amr Mostafa Aziz
Department of HPB Surgery and Liver Transplant, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, 32511 Shebin El-kom, Menoufia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-3846.181811

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Background: Most major hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) staging systems recommend hepatic resection only for patients with early-stage of HCC. Still there is controversial about resection of patients with large HCC (defined as >5 cm). The aim of this retrospective study is to investigate the clinicopathological features that impacted the long-term outcomes of 1 year after hepatectomy of large HCC >5 cm in cirrhotic patients. Materials and Methods: From February 2012 to December 2015, a total of 92 patients with resection of large HCC on liver cirrhosis were reviewed retrospectively and considered for clinicopathological features that impacted the long-term outcomes. Time to recurrence (recurrence-free survival) and overall survival (OS) were determined by Kaplan-Meier analysis. Results: Twenty-nine (31.5%) patients developed tumor recurrence. The mean time until tumor recurrence was 12.4 ± 6.6 months. The cumulative 1-, 2-, and 3-year disease-free survival rates were 73%, 28%, and 18%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, male gender, α-fetoprotein >400, bilobed tumors, patients with portal hypertension, plasma transfusion, and absence of tumor capsule remained independent predictors for recurrence of HCC. The OS rates at 1, 2, and 3 years were 73%, 31%, and 16%, respectively. On multivariate analysis, α-fetoprotein >400 and plasma transfusion remained independent predictors for death. Conclusions: Liver resection is suggested in patients with large HCC and can be performed with acceptable overall and disease-free survival and morbidity rates. Identification of risk factors and close postresection follow-up with early detection are mandatory measures for prompt treatment of tumor recurrence which is reflected by a beneficial survival rate for this group of patients.

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