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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-13

The predictive value of systemic inflammatory response syndrome on the outcome of perforated viscus in adult

Department of Surgery, Umm Al Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Hassan Adnan Bukhari
Department of Surgery, Umm AL Qura University, Makkah
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2320-3846.181809

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Purpose: Perforated viscus is one of the most series conditions that need to be evaluated and studied, especially if it associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). There are some studies carried out in the same subject that do not exactly clarify the predictive role of SIRS in the evaluating patients with perforated viscus, and they lack of a strong result foundation of the subject. Objective: The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of SIRS criteria in patients with perforated viscus and to see if SIRS have important value in predicting the surgical intervention, complications, Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission, mortality, the outcome, and its effect on them later on. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out which included sixty patients with perforated viscus presented to Al-Noor Hospital Emergency Department in Makkah during 1435H. Certain variables including SIRS criteria were collected using a data collecting sheet. These variables are comorbidities, vital sign on presentation, the result of certain investigation), intervention which had done, presence of postoperative complication, ICU length stay, and outcome. Results: The role of SIRS criteria in patients with perforated viscus was found to be statistically significant as regards the patient's gender, the type of surgical intervention (either laparoscopic or open), and the duration of ICU admission, with P < 0.05. No statistical significance role was found between SIRS criteria and complications; mortality, status of ICU admission, and the outcome of perforated viscus patients, with P > 0.05. Conclusion: SIRS criteria in patients with Perforated visus (PV) can be used clinically to predict the need for surgical intervention and ICU admission.

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