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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 61-69

Iatrogenic bile duct injury: A retrospective analysis of short- and long-term outcomes after surgical repair


1 Department of HBP Surgery and Liver Transplant, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, 32511 Shebin El Kom, Menoufia, Egypt
2 Department of Radiology, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, 32511 Shebin El Kom, Menoufia, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Amr Mostafa Aziz
Department of Hepato-pancreatico-biliary and Liver Transplant Surgery, National Liver Institute, Menoufia University, 32511 Shebin El Kom, Menoufia
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2320-3846.183675

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Background: Iatrogenic bile duct injuries (IBDIs) remain an important problem in gastrointestinal surgery and represent a big challenge for surgeons. Aim: To review the management of IBDI and describe short- and long-term postoperative complications of surgical repair at our tertiary referral institute. Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective review of the medical record of all patients referred for the management of IBDIs between January 2005 and January 2015. One hundred patients formed the study cohort. Preoperative data including patient demographics, mechanism of injury, operative details, and postoperative outcomes were extracted. Research Ethics Board approval was obtained. Results: There were 36 men and 64 women, with a mean age 45.4 ΁ 11.5 years. Open cholecystectomy was the most common procedure in 61 patients, whereas laparoscopic surgery was the primary treatment in 39 patients. Twenty-nine patients treated by nonsurgical management in the form of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) and stenting and percutaneous abdominal drainage. Seventy patients underwent operative surgery in the form of Roux-en-Y H.J, and T-tube insertion in the common bile duct in two cases. Short-term complications encountered in 15 (20.8%) cases, with a significant correlation with a previous ERCP intervention (P = 0.047). Long-term complications encountered in 12 (16.6%) patients, with a significant relation with the intermediate timing (within 2 weeks) of repair (P = 0.037). Conclusions: Prompt diagnosis of the type and grade of injury is mandatory before deciding management. Intermediate time for surgical intervention was significantly related to stricture complications. ERCP should be done only in cases that can benefit from conservative management (Strasberg from A-D) as the incidence of postoperative complication is high after surgical repair.


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