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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 116-121

Gastrointestinal perforation peritonitis in India: A study of 442 cases

1 Department of General Surgery, SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India
2 Department of General Surgery, RUHS College of Medical Sciences, Jaipur, Rajasthan, India

Correspondence Address:
Sanchit Jain
6, Kailash Vihar, Lal Kothi, Tonk Road, Jaipur - 302 015, Rajasthan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ssj.ssj_33_17

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Introduction: Perforation is defined as an abnormal opening in a hollow organ or viscus. Gastrointestinal perforation is one of the common surgical emergencies in developing countries. The diagnosis is mainly clinical and is aided by radiological investigations. The present study was conducted to highlight the spectrum of hollow viscus perforation peritonitis in terms of etiology, clinical presentations, site of perforation, surgical treatment, postoperative complications, and mortality encountered at SMS Medical College and Hospital, Jaipur, India. Materials and Methods: The study was a hospital-based prospective observational study conducted from April 2012 to October 2013 in the Department of General Surgery. During the study period, a total of 442 patients underwent surgery for secondary peritonitis. The patients included in the study were patients (>12 years) presenting with gastrointestinal perforation and undergoing emergency laparotomy. Results: Out of 442 patients, 91.2% (403) were males, with male-to-female ratio being 10.33:1. The mean age was 39.13 years. About 79.2% of the patients were below 50 years. Free gas under diaphragm on chest X-ray was noted in 86.2% cases. Duodenum was the most common site of perforation in 158 patients. The most common etiology for perforation was acid peptic disease (41.4%). Simple closure was the most common surgical procedure being performed in 63.8%. Overall morbidity and mortality recorded in this study were 42.8% and 14.7%, respectively. Conclusion: Early diagnosis, resuscitation with fluids, and timely surgical intervention are the most important factors deciding the fate of the patient with perforation peritonitis.

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